Since Antiquity, we have noticed the presence of a symbolic pastry during the wedding. Cakes were then very basic, made from wheat or barley, the ancient symbols of prosperity, and salt. The result looked like a big loaf of bread. Each guest had to break a slice of bread on the bride and groom’s head to bring them fertility and happiness.
In Rome, it is either a cake or a loaf of bread that is broken on the bride’s head. This gesture also symbolizes the imminent loss of virginity and is a pledge of fertility.
History also teaches us that breaking bread symbolizes the rupture of the virginal state of the bride and the domination of the bridegroom over her.
This tradition has long been associated with marriage and until the 19th century it was still found in Scotland and Ireland.
In the 17th century : The most common tradition was for guests to create a tower with cakes and pastries. The taller the tower, the happier the spouses would be.
In the 18th century : At that time, in France, the cake tower took on a new shape: the stack cake as we know it today. This fashion spread rapidly and was widely adopted in the West from the 19th century.